Kylie Minogue

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Kylie Minogue   AOOBE
Minogue performing on her Golden Tour in 2018
BornKylie Ann Minogue
28 May 1968 (age 52) MelbourneVictoria, Australia
CitizenshipAustralian British
OccupationSinger songwriter actress record producer television judge
Years active1979–present
Net worthAU $109 million (2020 estimate)
Partner(s)Paul Solomons
RelativesDannii Minogue (sister)
AwardsFull list
Musical career
GenresPop dance-pop disco
InstrumentsVocals
LabelsAstralwerks BMG Capitol Deconstruction Geffen PWL Mushroom Parlophone Warner
Associated actsSteve Anderson William Baker Kylie and Garibay Stock Aitken Waterman
Websitekylie.com
Signature

Kylie Ann Minogue AOOBE (/mɪˈnoʊɡ/; born 28 May 1968), often known simply as Kylie, is an Australian singer, songwriter, actress, record producer and television judge. Having sold over 70 million records worldwide, Minogue is the highest-selling female Australian artist of all time and has been recognised for reinventing herself in music and fashion, for which she is referred to by the European press as the “Princess of Pop” and a style icon. Her accolades include a Grammy Award, three Brit Awards and 17 ARIA Music Awards.

Born and raised in Melbourne, Minogue achieved recognition starring in the Australian soap opera Neighbors[GR1] , playing tomboy mechanic Charlene Robinson. She gained prominence as a recording artist in the late 1980s and released four bubblegum and dance-pop-influenced studio albums produced by Stock Aitken Waterman and released by PWL. By the early 1990s, she had amassed several top ten singles in the UK and Australia, including “I Should Be So Lucky“, “The Loco-Motion“, “Hand on Your Heart“, and “Better the Devil You Know“. Taking more creative control over her music, in 1993, Minogue signed with Deconstruction Records, where she released Kylie Minogue (1994) and Impossible Princess (1997), both of which received positive reviews, and the latter being described as her most personal and best work. She returned to mainstream dance-oriented music with 2000’s Light Years, which was preceded by the lead single “Spinning Around“. The follow-up, Fever (2001) was an international breakthrough for Minogue and became her best-selling album to date. Its lead single, “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” became one of the most successful singles of the 2000s, selling over five million units.

Minogue continued reinventing her image and experimenting with a range of genres on her next albums, which produced successful singles such as “Slow“, “2 Hearts” and “All the Lovers“. With her 2020 album release Disco, she became the first female artist to have a chart-topping album in the UK for five consecutive decades. Minogue made her film debut in The Delinquents (1989) and portrayed Cammy in Street Fighter (1994). She has also appeared in the films Moulin Rouge! (2001), Jack & Diane and Holy Motors (2012). In 2014, she appeared as a judge on the third series of The Voice UK and The Voice Australia. Her other ventures include product endorsements, children’s books, fashion, and charitable work.

Minogue was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2008 New Year Honours[GR2]  for services to Music. She was appointed by the French government as a Chevalier (knight) of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contribution to the enrichment of French culture. In 2005, while Minogue was on her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, she was diagnosed with breast cancer. After treatment, she resumed the tour under the title Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, which critics viewed as a “triumph”. Minogue was awarded an honorary Doctor of Health Science (D.H.Sc.) degree by Anglia Ruskin University for her work in raising awareness for breast cancer. On the 25th anniversary of the ARIA Music Awards in 2011, she was inducted by the Australian Recording Industry Association into the ARIA Hall of Fame.[GR3] 

Life and career

1968–1986: Early life and career beginnings

Kylie Ann Minogue was born on 28 May 1968 in Melbourne, Australia. Her father, Ronald Charles Minogue, is an accountant at a family-owned car company; her mother, Carol Minogue (née Ann Jones), is a former ballet dancer. Minogue is the eldest of three children: her younger brother, Brendan Minogue, is a news cameraman in Australia; her younger sister, Dannii Minogue[GR4] , is a singer and television host. The family frequently moved around various suburbs in Melbourne to sustain their living expenses, which Minogue found unsettling as a child. She would often stay at home reading, sewing and learning to play violin and piano. When they moved to Surrey Hills, Victoria, Minogue went on to Camberwell High School. During her schooling years, Minogue found it difficult to make friends. She got her HSC (graduated high school) with subjects including Arts and Graphics and English. Minogue described herself as being of “average intelligence” and “quite modest” during her high school years. Growing up, she and her sister Dannii took singing and dancing lessons.

A ten-year-old Minogue accompanied Dannii to a hearing arranged by the sisters’ aunt, Suzette, and, while producers found Dannii too young, Alan Hardy gave Kylie a minor role in soap opera The Sullivans (1979). She also appeared in another small role in Skyways (1980). In 1985, she was cast in one of the lead roles in The Henderson Kids. Minogue took time off school to film The Henderson Kids and while Carol was not impressed, Minogue felt that she needed the independence to make it into the entertainment industry. During filming, co-star Nadine Garner labelled Minogue “fragile” after producers yelled at her for forgetting her lines; she would often cry on set. Minogue was dropped from the second season of the show after producer Alan Hardy felt the need for her character to be “written off”. In retrospect, Hardy stated that removing her from the showing “turned out to be the best thing for her”. Interested in following a career in music, Minogue made a demo tape for the producers of the weekly music Programme Young Talent Time, which featured Dannii as a regular performer. Kylie gave her first television singing performance on the show in 1985 but was not invited to join the cast. Kylie was cast in the soap opera Neighbors in 1986, as Charlene Mitchell, a schoolgirl turned garage mechanic. Neighbors achieved popularity in the UK and a story arc that created a romance between her character and the character played by Jason Donovan [GR5] culminated in a wedding episode in 1987 that attracted an audience of 20 million British viewers. Minogue became the first person to win four Logie Awards in one year and was the youngest recipient of the “Gold Logie” as the country’s “Most Popular Television Performer”, with the result determined by public vote.

1987–1989: Kylie and Enjoy Yourself

During a Fitzroy Football Club benefit concert with other Neighbors cast members, Minogue performed “I Got You Babe” as a duet with actor John Waters, and “The Loco-Motion” as an encore. She was subsequently signed to a recording contract with Mushroom Records in 1987. Her first single, “The Locomotion“, spent seven weeks at number one on the Australian singles charts and became the country’s highest-selling single in the 1980s. She received the ARIA Award for the year’s highest-selling single. Its success resulted in Minogue travelling to England with Mushroom Records executive Gary Ashley to work with producers Stock, Aitken & Waterman.[GR6]  They knew little of Minogue and had forgotten that she was arriving; as a result, they wrote “I Should Be So Lucky” while she waited outside the studio. The song reached number one in the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Finland, Switzerland, Israel and Hong Kong. Minogue won her second consecutive ARIA Award for the year’s highest-selling single, and received a “Special Achievement Award”.

Minogue’s debut album, Kylie was released in July 1988. The album is a collection of dance-oriented pop tunes and spent more than a year on the UK Albums Chart, including several weeks at number one, eventually becoming the best-selling album of the 1980s by a female artist. It went gold in the United States, while the single “The Locomotion” reached number three on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart, and number one on the Canadian dance chart. The single “Got to Be Certain” became her third consecutive number one single on the Australian music charts. Later in the year, she left Neighbors to focus on her music career. Minogue also collaborated with Jason Donovan for the song “Especially for You“, which peaked at number-one in the United Kingdom and, in December 2014, sold its one millionth copy in the UK. Minogue was sometimes referred to as “the Singing Budgie” by her detractors over the coming years. In a review of the album Kylie for AllMusic, Chris True described the tunes as “standard, late-80s … bubblegum”, but added, “her cuteness makes these rather vapid tracks bearable”.

Minogue’s second album, Enjoy Yourself was released in October 1989. It was a success in the United Kingdom, Europe, New Zealand, Asia and Australia and spawned the UK number one singles “Hand on Your Heart” and “Tears on My Pillow“. However, it failed to sell well throughout North America and Minogue was dropped by her American record label Geffen Records[GR7] . She then embarked on her first concert tour, the Enjoy Yourself Tour, in the United Kingdom, Europe, Asia and Australia in February 1990. She was also one of the featured vocalists on the remake of “Do They Know It’s Christmas?“. Minogue’s debut film, The Delinquents was released in December 1989. The movie received mixed reviews by critics but proved popular with audiences. In the UK it grossed more than £200,000, and in Australia, it was the fourth-highest grossing local film of 1989 and the highest grossing local film of 1990. From 1989 to 1991, Minogue dated INXS frontman Michael Hutchence. [GR8] 

1990–1992: Rhythm of LoveLet’s Get to It and Greatest Hits

Minogue’s third album, Rhythm of Love was released in November 1990 and was described as “leaps and bounds more mature” than her previous albums by AllMusic’s Chris True. The album didn’t matched the commercial success of its predecessors, but three of its singles – “Better the Devil You Know“, “Step Back in Time” and “Shocked – reached the top ten in both the UK and Australia. Entertainment Weekly‘s Ernest Macias observed that, in Rhythm of Love, Minogue “presented a more mature and sexually-fueled image”. Macias also pointed out that the album “showcases the beginning of Minogue’s career as a pop icon, propelled by her angelic vocals, sensual music videos, chic fashion, and distinct dance sound.” Her relationship with Michael Hutchence was also seen as part of her departure from her earlier persona. The making of the “Better the Devil You Know” video was the first time Minogue “felt part of the creative process”. She said: “I wasn’t in charge but I had a voice. I’d bought some clothes on King’s Road for the video. I saw a new way to express my point of view creatively.” To promote the album, Minogue embarked on the Rhythm of Love Tour in February 1991.

Minogue’s fourth album, Let’s Get to It was released in October 1991 and reached number 15 on the UK Albums Chart. It was her first album to fail to reach the top ten. While the first single from the album, “Word Is Out“, became her first single to miss the top ten of the UK Singles Chart, subsequent singles “If You Were with Me Now” and “Give Me Just a Little More Time” both reached the top five. In support of the album, she embarked on the Let’s Get to It Tour in October. She later expressed her opinion that she was stifled by Stock, Aitken and Waterman, saying, “I was very much a puppet in the beginning. I was blinkered by my record company. I was unable to look left or right.” Her first Greatest Hits album was released in August 1992. It reached number one in the United Kingdom and number three in Australia. The singles from the album, “What Kind of Fool” and her cover version of Kool & the Gang‘s “Celebration” both reached the top 20 of the UK Singles Chart.

1993–1998: Kylie Minogue and Impossible Princess

Minogue’s signing with Deconstruction Records [GR9] in 1993 marked a new phase in her career. Her fifth album, Kylie Minogue, was released in September 1994 and was a departure from her previous efforts as it “no longer featured the Stock-Aitken-Waterman production gloss”, with critics praising Minogue’s vocals and the album production. It was produced by dance music producers the Brothers In Rhythm, namely Dave Seaman and Steve Anderson, who had previously produced “Finer Feelings“, her last single with PWL. As of 2015, Anderson continued to be Minogue’s musical director. The album peaked at number four on the UK Albums Chart and was certified gold in the country. Its lead single, “Confide in Me“, spent four weeks at number one on the Australian singles chart. The next two singles from the album, “Put Yourself in My Place” and “Where Is the Feeling?“, reached the top 20 on the UK Singles Chart.

During this period, Minogue made a guest appearance as herself in an episode of the comedy The Vicar of Dibley. Director Steven E. de Souza saw Minogue’s cover photo in Australia’s Who Magazine [GR10] as one of “The 30 Most Beautiful People in the World” and offered her a role opposite Jean-Claude Van Damme in the film Street Fighter. The film was a moderate success, earning US$70 million in the US, but received poor reviews, with The Washington Post‘s Richard Harrington calling Minogue “the worst actress in the English-speaking world”. She had a minor role in the 1996 film Bio-Dome starring Pauly Shore and Stephen Baldwin. She also appeared in the 1995 short film Hayride to Hell and in the 1997 film Diana & Me. In 1995, Minogue collaborated with Australian artist Nick Cave for the song “Where the Wild Roses Grow“. Cave had been interested in working with Minogue since hearing “Better the Devil You Know”, saying it contained “one of pop music’s most violent and distressing lyrics”. The music video for their song was inspired by John Everett Millais‘s painting Ophelia (1851–1852), and showed Minogue as the murdered woman, floating in a pond as a serpent swam over her body. The single received widespread attention in Europe, where it reached the top 10 in several countries, and reached number two in Australia. The song won ARIA Awards for “Song of the Year” and “Best Pop Release”. Following concert appearances with Cave, Minogue recited the lyrics to “I Should Be So Lucky” as poetry in London’s Royal Albert Hall. [GR11] 

By 1997, Minogue was in a relationship with French photographer Stéphane Sednaoui, who encouraged her to develop her creativity. Inspired by a mutual appreciation of Japanese culture, they created a visual combination of “geisha and manga superheroine” for the photographs taken for Minogue’s sixth album Impossible Princess and the video for “German Bold Italic“, Minogue’s collaboration with Towa Tei. She drew inspiration from the music of artists such as Shirley Manson and GarbageBjörkTricky and U2, and Japanese pop musicians such as Pizzicato Five and Towa Tei. The album featured collaborations with musicians including James Dean Bradfield and Sean Moore of the Manic Street PreachersImpossible Princess garnered some negative reviews upon its release in 1997, but would be praised as Minogue’s most personal and best work in retrospective reviews. In 2003, Slant Magazine’s Sal Cinquemani called it a “deeply personal effort” and “Minogue’s best album to date”, while Evan Sawdey, from PopMatters, described Impossible Princess as “one of the most crazed, damn-near perfect dance-pop albums ever created” in a 2008 review. Mostly a dance album, Minogue countered suggestions that she was trying to become an indie artist.[GR12] 

Acknowledging that she had attempted to escape the perceptions of her that had developed during her early career, Minogue commented that she was ready to “forget the painful criticism” and “accept the past, embrace it, use it”. The music video for “Did It Again” paid homage to her earlier incarnations. Retitled Kylie Minogue in the UK following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, it became the lowest-selling album of her career. At the end of the year, a campaign by Virgin Radio stated, “We’ve done something to improve Kylie’s records: we’ve banned them.” In Australia, the album was a success and spent 35 weeks on the album chart. Minogue’s Intimate and Live tour in 1998 was extended due to demand. She gave several live performances in Australia, including the 1998 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, and the opening ceremonies of Melbourne’s Crown Casino, and Sydney’s Fox Studios in 1999 (where she performed Marilyn Monroe‘s “Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend“) as well as a Christmas concert in Dili, East Timor, in association with the United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces. She played a small role in the Australian-made Molly Ringwald[GR13]  2000 film Cut.

1999–2003: Light YearsFever and Body Language

Minogue performing “Waltzing Matilda” at the opening ceremony of the 2000 Sydney Summer Paralympics

In 1999, Minogue performed a duet with the Pet Shop Boys‘ on their Nightlife album and spent several months in Barbados performing in Shakespeare’s The Tempest. She then appeared in the film Sample People and recorded a cover version of Russell Morris‘s “The Real Thing” for the soundtrack. She signed with Parlophone in April, who wanted to re-establish Minogue as a pop artist. Her seventh studio album, Light Years, was released on 25 September 2000. NME magazine called it a “fun, perfectly-formed” record, which saw Minogue “dropping her considerable concern for cool and bouncing back to her disco-pop roots”. It was a commercial success, becoming Minogue’s first number-one album in her native Australia. The lead single, “Spinning Around“, debuted atop the UK Singles Chart in July, making her only the second artist to have a number-one single in three consecutive decades (after Madonna). Its accompanying video featured Minogue in revealing gold hotpants, which came to be regarded as a “trademark”. Three other singles—”On a Night Like This“, “Kids” (with Robbie Williams), and “Please Stay“—peaked in the top ten in the United Kingdom.

An elaborate art book titled Kylie, featuring contributions by Minogue and creative director William Baker, was published by Booth-Clibborn in March 2000. At the time, she began a romantic relationship with model James Gooding. In October, Minogue performed at both the closing ceremonies of 2000 Sydney Olympics and in the opening ceremony of the Paralympics. Her performance of ABBA‘s “Dancing Queen” was chosen as one of the most memorable Olympic closing ceremony moments by Kate Samuelson of TNT. The following year, she embarked on the On a Night Like This Tour, which was inspired by the style of Broadway shows and the musicals of the 1930s. She also made a brief cameo as The Green Fairy in Baz Luhrmann‘s Moulin Rouge!, which earned her an MTV Movie Award nomination in 2002. “Spinning Around” and Light Years consecutively won the ARIA Award for Best Pop Release in 2000 and 2001.

Minogue performing “Slow” during the Money Can’t Buy concert show in 2003.

In September 2001, Minogue released “Can’t Get You Out of My Head“, the lead single from her eighth studio album, Fever. It reached number one in over 40 countries and sold 5 million copies, becoming Minogue’s most successful single to date. The accompanying music video featured the singer sporting an infamous hooded white jumpsuit with deep plunging neckline. The remaining singles—”In Your Eyes“, “Love at First Sight” and “Come into My World“—all peaked in the top ten in Australia and the United Kingdom. Released on 1 October, Fever topped the charts in Australia, Austria, Germany, Ireland, and the United Kingdom, eventually achieving worldwide sales in excess of six million. Dominique Leone from Pitchfork praised its simple and “comfortable” composition, terming it a “mature sound from a mature artist, and one that may very well re-establish Minogue for the VH1 generation”. The warm reception towards the album led to its release in the United States in February 2002 by Capitol Records, Minogue’s first in 13 years. It debuted on the Billboard 200 at number three, her highest-charting album in the region, while peaking at number 10 on the Canadian Albums Chart.

To support the album, Minogue headlined her KylieFever2002 tour in Europe and Australia, which ran from April to August 2002. She performed several songs from the setlist in a series of Jingle Ball concerts[GR14]  in the United States in 2002–2003. In May 2002, Minogue and Gooding announced the end of their relationship after two and a half years. She received four accolades at the ARIA Music Awards of 2002, including Highest Selling Single and Single of the Year for “Can’t Get You Out of My Head”. That same year, she won her first Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist and Best International Album for FeverIn 2003, she received her first Grammy nomination for Best Dance Recording for “Love at First Sight”, before winning the award for “Come into My World” the following year, marking the first time an Australian music artist had won in a major category since Men at Work in 1983.

In November 2003, Minogue released her ninth studio album Body Language following an invitation-only concert, titled Money Can’t Buy, at the Hammersmith Apollo[GR15]  in London. The album downplayed the disco style and was inspired by 1980s artists such as Scritti PolittiThe Human LeagueAdam and the Ants and Prince, blending their styles with elements of hip hop. The sales of the album were lower than anticipated after the success of Fever, though the first single, “Slow“, was a number-one hit in the United Kingdom and Australia. Two more singles from the album were released: “Red Blooded Woman” and “Chocolate“. In the US, “Slow” reached number-one on the club chart and received a Grammy Award nomination in the Best Dance Recording category. Body Language achieved first week sales of 43,000 and declined significantly in the second week.

2004–2009: Ultimate KylieShowgirl and X

Minogue performing during Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour in 2005

In November 2004, Minogue released her second official greatest hits album entitled Ultimate Kylie. The album yielded two singles: “I Believe in You” and “Giving You Up“. “I Believe in You” was later nominated for a Grammy Award in the category of “Best Dance Recording”. In March 2005, Minogue commenced her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour. After performing in Europe, she travelled to Melbourne, where she was diagnosed with breast cancer, forcing her to cancel the tour. She underwent surgery in May 2005 and commenced chemotherapy treatment soon after. It was announced in January 2006 that she had finished chemotherapy and the disease “had no recurrence” after the surgery. She would continue her treatment for the next months. In December 2005, Minogue released a digital-only single, “Over the Rainbow“, a live recording from her Showgirl tour. Her children’s book, The Showgirl Princess, [GR16] written during her period of convalescence, was published in October 2006, and her perfume, “Darling”, was launched in November. The range was later augmented by eau de toilettes including Pink Sparkle, Couture and Inverse.

Minogue resumed her then cancelled tour in November 2006, under the title Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. Her dance routines had been reworked to accommodate her medical condition, with slower costume changes and longer breaks introduced between sections of the show to conserve her strength. The media reported that Minogue performed energetically, with the Sydney Morning Herald describing the show as an “extravaganza” and “nothing less than a triumph”. She voiced Florence in the animated film The Magic Roundabout, based on the television series of the same name. She finished her voice role back in 2002, before it was released in 2005 in Europe. A year later, she reprised the role and recorded the theme song for the American edition, re-titled as Doogal, which grossed $26,691,243 worldwide.

In November 2007, Minogue released her tenth and much-discussed “comeback” album, X. The electro-styled album included contributions from Guy ChambersCathy DennisBloodshy & Avant and Calvin Harris. The album received some criticism for the triviality of its subject matter in light of Minogue’s experiences with breast cancer. X and its lead single, “2 Hearts“, entered at number one on the Australian albums and singles charts, respectively. In the United Kingdom, X initially attracted lukewarm sales, although its commercial performance eventually improved. Follow-up singles from the album, “In My Arms” and “Wow“, both peaked inside the top ten of the UK Singles Chart. In the US, the album was nominated at the 2009 Grammy Awards for Best Electronic/Dance Album.

Minogue began a relationship with French actor Olivier Martinez after meeting him at the 2003 Grammy Awards ceremony. They ended their relationship in February 2007, but remained on friendly terms. Minogue was reported to have been “saddened by false [media] accusations of [Martinez’s] disloyalty”. She defended Martinez, and acknowledged the support he had given during her treatment for breast cancer. As part of the promotion of her album, Minogue was featured in White Diamond, a documentary filmed during 2006 and 2007 as she resumed her Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. She also appeared in The Kylie Show, [GR17] which featured her performances as well as comedy sketches. She co-starred in the 2007 Doctor Who Christmas special episode, “Voyage of the Damned“, as Astrid Peth. The episode was watched by 13.31 million viewers, which was the show’s highest viewing figure since 1979. In May 2008, Minogue embarked on the European leg of the KylieX2008 tour, her most expensive tour to date with production costs of £10 million. The tour was generally acclaimed and sold well. She was then appointed a Chevalier of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres[GR18] , the junior grade of France’s highest cultural honour. In July, she was officially invested by The Prince of Wales as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. She also won the “Best International Female Solo Artist” award at the 2008 BRIT Awards. In September, she made her Middle East debut as the headline act at the opening of Atlantis, The Palm, an exclusive hotel resort in Dubai, and from November, she continued her KylieX2008 tour, taking the show to cities across South America, Asia and Australia. The tour visited 21 countries, and was considered a success, with ticket sales estimated at $70,000,000. In 2009, Minogue hosted the BRIT Awards with James Corden and Mathew Horne. She then embarked on the For You, for Me tour which was her first North American concert tour. She was also featured in the Hindi movie, Blue, performing an A. R. Rahman song. Minogue was in a relationship with model Andrés Velencoso from 2008 to 2013.

2010–2012: Aphrodite and Anti Tour

Minogue performing at the 2012 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras

In July 2010, Minogue released her eleventh studio album, Aphrodite. The album featured new songwriters and producers including Stuart Price as executive producer. Price also contributed to song writing along with Minogue, Calvin HarrisJake ShearsNerina PallotPascal GabrielLucas SeconKeane’s Tim Rice-Oxley and Kish Mauve. The album received favorable reviews from most music critics; Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone labelled the album Minogue’s “finest work since 1997’s underrated Impossible Princess” and Tim Sendra from Allmusic commended Minogue’s choice of collaborators and producers, commenting that the album is the “work of someone who knows exactly what her skills are and who to hire to help showcase them to perfection”. Aphrodite debuted at number-one in the United Kingdom, exactly 22 years after her first number one hit in the United Kingdom. The album’s lead single, “All the Lovers,” was a success and became her 33rd top ten single in the United Kingdom, though subsequent singles from the album, “Get Outta My Way“, “Better than Today“, and “Put Your Hands Up“, failed to reach the top ten of the UK Singles Chart. However, all the singles released from the album have topped the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs[GR19]  chart.

Minogue recorded a duet with synthpop duo Hurts on their song “Devotion”, which was included on the group’s album Happiness. She was then featured on Taio Cruz‘s single “Higher“. The result was successful, peaking inside the top 20 in several charts and reaching number one on the US Hot Dance Club Charts. At the time, Minogue also held the third spot on the chart with “Higher“, her collaboration with British recording artist Taio Cruz, becoming the first artist to claim two of the top three spots at the same time in the American dance chart’s history. To conclude her recordings in 2010, she released the extended play A Kylie Christmas, which included covers of Christmas songs including “Let It Snow” and “Santa Baby“. Minogue embarked on the Aphrodite: Les Folies Tour in February 2011, travelling to Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and Africa. With a stage set inspired by the birth of the love goddess Aphrodite and Grecian culture and history, it was greeted with positive reviews from critics, who praised the concept and the stage production. The tour was a commercial success, grossing US$60 million and ranking at number six and 21 on the mid-year and annual Pollstar Top Concert Tours of 2011 respectively.

In March 2012, Minogue began a year-long celebration for her 25 years in the music industry, which was often called “K25”. The anniversary started with her embarking on the Anti Tour in England and Australia, which featured b-sides, demos and rarities from her music catalogue. The tour was positively received for its intimate atmosphere and was a commercial success, grossing over two million dollars from four shows. She then released the single “Timebomb” in May, the greatest hits compilation album, The Best of Kylie Minogue in June and the singles box-set, K25 Time Capsule in October. She performed at various events around the world, including Sydney Mardi Gras[GR20] Queen Elizabeth II‘s Diamond Jubilee Concert, and BBC Proms in the Park London 2012. Minogue released the compilation album, The Abbey Road Sessions in October. The album contained reworked and orchestral versions of her previous songs. It was recorded at London’s Abbey Road Studios and was produced by Steve Anderson and Colin Elliot. The album received favorable reviews from music critics and debuted at number-two in the United Kingdom. The album spawned two singles, “Flower” and “On a Night Like This“. Minogue returned to acting and starred in two films: a cameo appearance in the American independent film Jack & Diane and a lead role in the French film Holy MotorsJack & Diane opened at the Tribeca Film Festival on 20 April 2012, while Holy Motors opened at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, which Minogue attended.

2013–2016: Kiss Me Once and Kylie Christmas

Kylie and her sister Dannii performing together in 2015

In January 2013, Minogue and her manager Terry Blamey, whom she had worked with since the start of her singing career, parted ways. The following month, she signed to Roc Nation for a management deal. In September, she was featured on Italian singer-songwriter Laura Pausini‘s[GR21]  single “Limpido“, which was a number-one hit in Italy and received a nomination for “World’s Best Song” at the 2013 World Music Awards. In the same month, Minogue was hired as a coach for the third series of BBC One‘s talent competition The Voice UK, alongside record producer and Black Eyed Peas member, will.i.amKaiser Chiefs‘ lead singer Ricky Wilson and singer Sir Tom Jones. The show opened with 9.35 million views from the UK, a large percentage increase from the second season. It accumulated an estimated 8.10 million viewers on average. Minogue’s judging and personality on the show were singled out for praise. Ed Power from The Daily Telegraph gave the series premiere 3 stars, praising Minogue for being “glamorous, agreeably giggly [and] a card-carrying national treasure”. In November, she was hired as a coach for the third season of The Voice Australia.

In March 2014, Minogue released her twelfth studio album, Kiss Me Once. The album featured contributions from Sia FurlerMike Del RioCutfatherPharrell WilliamsMNEK and Ariel Rechtshaid. It peaked at number one in Australia and number two in the United Kingdom. The singles from the album, “Into the Blue” and “I Was Gonna Cancel“, did not chart inside the top ten of the UK Singles Chart, peaking at number 12 and number 59 respectively. In August, Minogue performed a seven-song set at the closing ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games[GR22] , donning a custom Jean Paul Gaultier corset. In September, she embarked on the Kiss Me Once Tour. In January 2015, Minogue appeared as a guest vocalist on Giorgio Moroder‘s single “Right Here, Right Now” providing her 12th number one hit on the U.S. Dance Chart on 18 April 2015.

In March, Minogue’s contract with Parlophone Records ended, leaving her future music releases with Warner Music Group in Australia and New Zealand. The same month, she parted ways with Roc Nation. In April, Minogue played tech reporter Shauna in a two episode arc on the ABC Family series, Young & Hungry. Minogue also appeared as Susan Riddick in the disaster film San Andreas, released in May and starring Dwayne Johnson and Carla Gugino. In September 2015, an extended play with Fernando Garibay titled Kylie + Garibay was released. Garibay and Giorgio Moroder served as producers for the extended play. In November, Minogue was a featured artist on the track, “The Other Boys” by Nervo, alongside Jake Shears and Nile Rodgers. This became her 13th chart topper on the U.S Dance Chart, lifting her position in the list of artists with the most U.S. Dance Chart number ones to equal 8th alongside Whitney HoustonEnrique Iglesias and Lady Gaga. In December 2015, Minogue was the guest on BBC Radio 4‘s Desert Island Discs. Her choices included “Dancing Queen” by ABBA, “Purple Rain” by Prince and “Need You Tonight” by INXS. Minogue released her first Christmas album, Kylie Christmas in November 2015. In 2016, she recorded the theme song “This Wheel’s on Fire“, from the soundtrack Absolutely Fabulous: The Movie. Minogue’s holiday album Kylie Christmas, was re-released in November entitled as Kylie Christmas: Snow Queen Edition. In November 2015, Minogue confirmed she was dating British actor Joshua Sasse. On 20 February 2016, their engagement was announced in the “Forthcoming Marriages” section of The Daily Telegraph, but in February 2017, she confirmed the couple had ended their relationship.

2017–2019: Golden and Step Back in Time: The Definitive Collection

Minogue performing at the Royal Albert Hall for The Queen’s Birthday Party, 2018

In February 2017, Minogue signed a new record deal with BMG Rights Management. In December 2017, Minogue and BMG had struck a joint-deal with Mushroom Music Labels — under the sub-division label Liberator to release her new album in Australia and New Zealand. In 2017, Minogue worked with writers and producers for her 14th studio album, including Sky Adams and Richard Stannard, and recorded the album in London, Los Angeles and Nashville, with the latter profoundly influencing the record. Minogue’s album Golden was released in April 2018 with “Dancing” serving as its lead single. The album debuted at number one in the UK and Australia. Tim Sendra from AllMusic labelled Golden a “darn bold” for an artist of Minogue’s longevity, stating “The amazing thing about the album, and about Minogue, is that she pulls off the country as well as she’s pulled off new wave, disco, electro, murder ballads, and everything else she’s done in her long career.” Golden also received criticism, with Pitchforks Ben Cardew claiming that it “sounds like someone playing at country music, rather than someone who understands it.” Minogue was among the performers at The Queen’s Birthday Party held at the Royal Albert Hall in April 2018.

Minogue released a greatest hits compilation Step Back in Time: The Definitive Collection on 28 June 2019, featuring “New York City” as the lead single. The album reached number one in her native Australia and in the UK, becoming her seventh album to reach the top spot in the latter. On 30 June, Minogue made her debut at the Glastonbury Festival[GR23] , fourteen years after her breast cancer diagnosis forced her to cancel her 2005 headlining slot. Performing in the Legends Slot, Minogue’s set featured guest appearances from Nick Cave and Chris Martin. Her set received rave reviews from critics, with The Guardian declaring it a “solid-gold”, “peerless” and “phenomenal”. It was a big hit with fans, with Minogue’s performance being the most-watched set of the BBC coverage (earning three million viewers, ahead of The Killers who received 1.4 million) and reportedly breaking records for the most attended Glastonbury set in history. Minogue also appeared in her own Christmas television special, Kylie’s Secret Night, which aired on Channel 4 in December 2019.

2020-present: Disco

Following her Glastonbury performance, Minogue stated that she would like to create a “popdisco album” and return to recording new material after the performance. Work continued on Disco during the COVID-19 pandemic[GR24]  in 2020, with Minogue using a home studio to record throughout lockdown. Alistair Norbury, president of Minogue’s record label BMG, announced to industry title Music Week that Minogue was also learning to record and engineer her own vocals using music software Logic Pro in order to continue working apace during lockdown. On 23 July 2020, “Say Something” was unveiled as the first single from Disco. The album’s second single, “Magic“, was released on 24 September, and a promotional single, “I Love It“, on 23 October.

Disco was released on 6 November 2020, reaching number one in her native Australia and in the UK, where Minogue became the first female solo artist to achieved a number one album in five consecutive decades from the 1980s to the 2020s.[240] In the same month, she was featured on Children in Need‘s charity single – “Stop Crying Your Heart Out“. On 5 December 2020, “Real Groove” was announced as the album’s third single. A subsequent remix was released on 31 December 2020 with Dua Lipa.

Artistry

Minogue explained that she first became interested in pop music during her adolescence: “I first got into pop music in 1981, I’d say. It was all about PrinceAdam + the Ants, that whole New Romantic period. Prior to that, it was the Jackson 5Donna Summer, and my dad’s records – the Stones and Beatles.” She would also listen to the records of Olivia Newton-John and ABBA. Minogue claimed that she “wanted to be” Newton-John while growing up. Her producer, Pete Waterman, recalled Minogue during the early years of her music career with the observation: “She was setting her sights on becoming the new Prince or Madonna … What I found amazing was that she was outselling Madonna four to one, but still wanted to be her.” Minogue came to prominence in the music scene as a bubblegum pop singer and was deemed a “product of the Stock, Aitken & Waterman Hit Factory”. Musician Nick Cave, who worked with Minogue in some occasions, was a major influence on her artistic development. She told The Guardian: “He’s definitely infiltrated my life in beautiful and profound ways.” Throughout her career, Minogue’s work was also influenced by Cathy DennisD MobScritti PolittiBjörkTrickyU2 and Pizzicato Five[GR25] , among others.

“Can’t Get You Out of My Head” (2001) MENU 0:00 A 21 second sample of “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” containing the hook and part of the chorus of the song. Known for its “la la la” hook and sleek production-style, it is often heralded as Minogue’s best single to date.
 

Minogue has been known for her soft soprano vocal range. Tim Sendra of AllMusic reviewed her album Aphrodite and said that Minogue’s “slightly nasal, girl-next-door vocals serve her needs perfectly.” According to Fiona MacDonald from Madison magazine, Kylie “has never shied away from making some brave but questionable artistic decisions”. In musical terms, Minogue has worked with many genres in pop and dance music. However, her signature music has been contemporary disco music. Her first studio albums with Stock, Aitken, and Waterman present a more bubblegum pop influence, with many critics comparing her to American recording artist Madonna. Chris True from Allmusic, reviewed her debut Kylie and found her music “standard late-’80s Stock-Aitken-Waterman bubblegum”, however he stated that she presented the most personality of any 1980s recording artist. He said of her third album Rhythm of Love, from the early 1990s, “The songwriting is stronger, the production dynamic, and Kylie seems more confident vocally.” At the time of her third studio album, “She began to trade in her cutesy, bubblegum pop image for a more mature one, and in turn, a more sexual one.” Chris True stated that during her relationship with Michael Hutchence, “her shedding of the near-virginal façade that dominated her first two albums, began to have an effect, not only on how the press and her fans treated her, but in the evolution of her music.”

From Minogue’s work on her sixth studio album, Impossible Princess, her songwriting and musical content began to change. She was constantly writing down words, exploring the form and meaning of sentences. She had written lyrics before, but called them “safe, just neatly rhymed words and that’s that”. Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine said that the album bears a resemblance to Madonna’s Ray of Light. He said that she took inspiration from “both the Brit-pop and electronica movements of the mid-’90s”, saying that “Impossible Princess is the work of an artist willing to take risks”. Her next effort, Light Years is a disco-influenced dance-pop record, with AllMusic’s Chris True calling it “Arguably one of the best disco records since the ’70s”. True stated that her eighth album, Fever, “combines the disco-diva comeback of Light Years with simple dance rhythms”. Her ninth album, Body Language was quite different from her musical experiments in the past as it was a “successful” attempt at broadening her sound with electro and hip-hop for instance. Incorporating styles of dance music with funk, disco and R&B, the album was listed on Q‘s “Best Albums of 2003”.

Critics said Minogue’s tenth record X did not feature enough “consistency” and Chris True called the tracks “cold, calculated dance-pop numbers.” Tim Sendra of AllMusic said that her eleventh album Aphrodite “rarely strays past sweet love songs or happy dance anthems” and “the main sound is the kind of glittery disco pop that really is her strong suit.” Sendra found Aphrodite “One of her best, in fact.” Minogue’s 14th studio album, Golden was heavily influenced by country music,[GR26]  although maintaining her dance-pop sensibilities. Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine wrote that “Golden further bolsters Minogue’s reputation for taking risks—and artfully sets the stage for her inevitable disco comeback.”

Public image

Bronze statue of Minogue at Waterfront City, Docklands, Melbourne

Minogue’s efforts to be taken seriously as a recording artist were initially hindered by the perception that she had not “paid her dues” and was no more than a manufactured pop star exploiting the image she had created during her stint on Neighbors. Minogue acknowledged this viewpoint, saying, “If you’re part of a record company, I think to a degree it’s fair to say that you’re a manufactured product. You’re a product and you’re selling a product. It doesn’t mean that you’re not talented and that you don’t make creative and business decisions about what you will and won’t do and where you want to go.”

In 1993, Baz Luhrmann[GR27]  introduced Minogue to photographer Bert Stern, notable for his work with Marilyn Monroe. Stern photographed her in Los Angeles and, comparing her to Monroe, commented that Minogue had a similar mix of vulnerability and eroticism. Throughout her career, Minogue has chosen photographers who attempt to create a new “look” for her, and the resulting photographs have appeared in a variety of magazines, from the cutting edge The Face to the more traditionally sophisticated Vogue and Vanity Fair, making the Minogue face and name known to a broad range of people. Stylist William Baker has suggested that this is part of the reason she entered mainstream pop culture in Europe more successfully than many other pop singers who concentrate solely on selling records.

By 2000, Minogue was considered to have achieved a degree of musical credibility for having maintained her career longer than her critics had expected. Her progression from the wholesome “girl next door” to a more sophisticated performer with a flirtatious and playful persona attracted new fans. Her “Spinning Around” video led to some media outlets referring to her as “SexKylie”, and sex became a stronger element in her subsequent videos. In September 2002, she was ranked 27 on VH1‘s 100 Sexiest Artists list. She was also named one of the 100 Hottest Women of All-Time by Men’s Health in 2013. William Baker described her status as a sex symbol [GR28] as a “double edged sword”, observing that “we always attempted to use her sex appeal as an enhancement of her music and to sell a record. But now it has become in danger of eclipsing what she actually is: a pop singer.” After 20 years as a performer, Minogue was described as a fashion “trend-setter” and a “style icon who constantly reinvents herself”.

Wax statue of Minogue at the Madame Tussauds in London

Minogue has been inspired by and compared to Madonna throughout her career. She received negative comments that her Rhythm of Love tour in 1991 was too similar visually to Madonna’s Blond Ambition World Tour, for which critics labelled her a Madonna wannabe. Writing for the Observer Music MonthlyRufus Wainwright described Minogue as “the anti-Madonna. Self-knowledge is a truly beautiful thing and Kylie knows herself inside out. She is what she is and there is no attempt to make quasi-intellectual statements to substantiate it. She is the gay shorthand for joy.” Kathy McCabe for The Telegraph noted that Minogue and Madonna follow similar styles in music and fashion, but concluded, “Where they truly diverge on the pop-culture scale is in shock value. Minogue’s clips might draw a gasp from some but Madonna’s ignite religious and political debate unlike any other artist on the planet … Simply, Madonna is the dark force; Kylie is the light force.” Minogue has said of Madonna, “Her huge influence on the world, in pop and fashion, meant that I wasn’t immune to the trends she created. I admire Madonna greatly but in the beginning she made it difficult for artists like me, she had done everything there was to be done”, and “Madonna’s the Queen of Pop, I’m the princess. I’m quite happy with that.”

In January 2007, Madame Tussauds[GR29]  in London unveiled its fourth waxwork of Minogue; only Queen Elizabeth II has had more models created. During the same week a bronze cast of her hands was added to Wembley Arena‘s “Square of Fame”. In 2007, a bronze statue of Minogue was unveiled at Melbourne Docklands for permanent display.

In March 2010, Minogue was declared by researchers as the “most powerful celebrity in Britain”. The study examined how marketers identify celebrity and brand partnerships. Mark Husak, head of Millward Brown’s UK media practice, said: “Kylie is widely accepted as an adopted Brit. People know her, like her and she is surrounded by positive buzz”. In 2016, according to the Sunday Times Rich List, Minogue had a net worth of £55 million.

Minogue is regarded as a gay icon[GR30] , which she has encouraged with comments including “I am not a traditional gay icon. There’s been no tragedy in my life, only tragic outfits” and “My gay audience has been with me from the beginning … they kind of adopted me.” Her status as a gay icon has been attributed to her music, fashion sense and career longevity. Author Constantine Chatzipapatheodoridis wrote about Minogue’s appeal to gay men in Strike a Pose, Forever: The Legacy of Vogue… and observed that she “frequently incorporates camp-inflected themes in her extravaganzas, drawing mainly from the disco scene, the S/M culture, and the burlesque stage.” In Beautiful Things in Popular Culture (2007), Marc Brennan stated that Minogue’s work “provides a gorgeous form of escapism”. Minogue has explained that she first became aware of her gay audience in 1988, when several drag queens performed to her music at a Sydney pub, and she later saw a similar show in Melbourne. She said that she felt “very touched” to have such an “appreciative crowd”, and this encouraged her to perform at gay venues throughout the world, as well as headlining the 1994 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras. Minogue has one of the largest gay followings in the world.

Impact and legacy

Throughout her career, Minogue has been known for reinventing herself in fashion and musical content. In 2012, Dino Scatena of The Sydney Morning Herald wrote about Minogue, “A quarter of a century ago, a sequence of symbiotic events altered the fabric of Australian popular culture and set in motion the transformation of a 19-year-old soap actor from Melbourne into an international pop icon.” Scatena also described her as “Australia’s single most successful entertainer and a world-renowned style idol”.

Minogue’s star on the Melbourne’s Walk of Stars and handprints and signature in Olympiapark, Munich

Pointing out the several reinventions in Minogue’s image, Larissa Dubecki from The Age labelled her the “Mother of Reinvention”, while Entertainment Weeklys Ernest Macias opined: “[with] a panache for fabulous fashion, and her unequivocal disco-pop sound, Minogue has established herself as a timeless icon.” Paula Joye of The Sydney Morning Herald wrote that “Minogue’s fusion of fashion and music has made a huge contribution to the style zeitgeist.” Fiona MacDonald from Madison acknowledged Kylie as “one of the handful of singers recognised around the world by her first name alone. And yet despite becoming an international music superstar, style icon and honorary Brit, those two syllables still seem as Australian as the smell of eucalyptus or a barbeque on a hot day.
 

Minogue has been recognised with many honorific nicknames, most notably the “Princess of Pop”, “Goddess of Pop” and “Queen of Pop”.

Jon O’Brien of AllMusic reviewed her box-set Kylie: The Albums 2000–2010 and stated that it “contains plenty of moments to justify her position as one of the all-time premier pop princesses.” In January 2012, NME critics ranked her single “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” at number four on their Greatest Pop Songs in History list. In February 2012, VH1 ranked Minogue at number 47 on its 100 Greatest Women in Music list, and number 49 on the 50 Greatest Women of the Video Era. Channel 4 listed her as one of the world’s greatest pop stars. Minogue’s work has influenced pop and dance artists including Dua LipaAlice ChaterRina SawayamaKim PetrasMelanie CSeptemberDiana VickersThe VeronicasSlayyyterPaulina RubioPabllo Vittar and Paris Hilton. In 2007, French avant-garde guitarist Noël Akchoté released So Lucky, featuring solo guitar versions of tunes recorded by Minogue.

Achievements

In 2012, Minogue won the Silver Clef Award in recognition of her contribution to the music industry

Minogue has received many accolades, including a Grammy Award, three Brit Awards, 17 ARIA Music Awards, two MTV Video Music Awards, two MTV Europe Music Awards and six Mo Awards, including the Australian Performer of the Year in 2001 and 2003. In 2008, she was honoured with Music Industry Trust’s award for recognition of her 20-year career and was hailed as “an icon of pop and style”, becoming the first female musician to receive a Music Industry Trust award. In April 2017, the Britain-Australia Society[GR31]  recognised Minogue with its 2016 award for outstanding contribution to the improving of relations and bilateral understanding between Britain and Australia. The citation reads: “In recognition of significant contributions to the Britain-Australia relationship as an acclaimed singer, songwriter, actor and iconic personality in both countries”. The award was announced at a reception in Australia House but was personally presented the next day by Prince Philip, Patron of the Society, at Windsor Castle.

As of 2013, she has sold 70 million records worldwide. Minogue is the most successful Australian female recording artist of all time and, in November 2011, on the 25th anniversary of the ARIA Music Awards, she was inducted by the Australian Recording Industry Association into the ARIA Hall of Fame. In June 2012, The Official Chart Company revealed that Minogue is the 12th best selling singer in the United Kingdom to date, and the third best selling female artist, selling over 10.1 million singles. According to the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), all her studio albums have been certified, and with her singles as well, she has 27 certified records. In January 2011, Minogue received a Guinness World Records[GR32]  citation for having the most consecutive decades with top five albums in the UK, with all her albums doing so. Minogue and American singer Madonna are the only artists to have had reached the top position of the UK Albums Chart in four consecutive decades, from the 1980s to the 2010s. Minogue’s fifteenth studio album, Disco reached number one in the UK Albums Chart in 2020. It made her the first female artist to reach the top spot of the chart in five consecutive decades, from the 1980s to the 2020s.

In 2004, she held the record for the most singles at number one in the ARIA singles chart, with nine. In 2011, she made history for having two songs inside the top three on the U.S. Dance Club Songs chart, with her singles “Better than Today” and “Higher” charting at one and three, respectively. In December 2016, Billboard ranked her as the 18th most successful dance artist of all-time. Her single “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” was named the most-played track of the 2000s. The song eventually became the third best-selling UK single and the most-played song in the UK in 200 As of 2012, “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” was the 72nd song featured on UK’s Official Top 100 Biggest Selling Singles of All Time.

Personal life

In 2018, Minogue’s relationship with boyfriend Paul Solomons became public. In 2019 he attended Minogue’s Welsh grandmother’s 100th birthday celebrations in Australia with the singer.

Health

Minogue was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 36 in May 2005, leading to the postponement of the remainder of her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour and her withdrawal from the Glastonbury Festival. Her hospitalization and treatment in Melbourne resulted in a brief but intense period of media coverage, particularly in Australia, where then Prime Minister John Howard issued a statement of support. As media and fans began to congregate outside the Minogue residence in Melbourne, Victorian Premier Steve Bracks warned the international media that any disruption of the Minogue family’s rights under Australian privacy laws would not be tolerated.

Minogue underwent surgery on 21 May 2005 at Cabrini Hospital in Malvern and commenced chemotherapy treatment soon after. After the surgery, the disease “had no recurrence”. On 8 July 2005, she made her first public appearance after surgery when she visited a children’s cancer ward at Melbourne’s Royal Children’s Hospital. She returned to France where she completed her chemotherapy treatment at the Institut Gustave-Roussy in Villejuif, near Paris. In January 2006, Minogue’s publicist announced that she had finished chemotherapy, and her treatment continued for the next months. On her return to Australia for her concert tour, she discussed her illness and said that her chemotherapy treatment had been like “experiencing a nuclear bomb“. While appearing on The Ellen DeGeneres Show[GR33]  in 2008, Minogue said that her cancer had originally been misdiagnosed. She commented, “Because someone is in a white coat and using big medical instruments doesn’t necessarily mean they’re right”, but later spoke of her respect for the medical profession.

Minogue was acknowledged for the impact she made by publicly discussing her cancer diagnosis and treatment. In May 2008, the French Cultural Minister Christine Albanel said, “Doctors now even go as far as saying there is a “Kylie effect” that encourages young women to have regular checks.” She has been cited as an example of cases where more women have undergone regular checks for cancer symptoms after publicity around famous people being diagnosed with cancer. Television host Giuliana Rancic cited Minogue’s cancer story as “inspirational” when she too was diagnosed with cancer.

Philanthropy

Minogue attending an amfAR gala in São Paulo, 2015

Minogue has helped fundraise on many occasions. In 1989, she participated in recording “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” under the name Band Aid II to help raise money. In early 2010, Minogue along with many other artists (under the name Helping Haiti) recorded a cover version of “Everybody Hurts“. The single was a fundraiser to help after the 2010 Haiti earthquake. She also spent a week in Thailand after the 2005 tsunami. During her 2011 Aphrodite World Tour, the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami struck Japan, which was on her itinerary. She declared she would continue to tour there, stating, “I was here to do shows and I chose not to cancel, Why did I choose not to cancel? I thought long and hard about it and it wasn’t an easy decision to make.” While she was there, she and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard were star guests at an Australian Embassy fundraiser for the disaster. In January 2020, in response to the 2019–20 Australian bushfires,[GR34]  Minogue announced that she and her family were donating A$500,000 towards immediate firefighting efforts and ongoing support.

In 2008, Minogue pledged her support for a campaign to raise money for abused children, to be donated to the British charities ChildLine and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. According to the source, around $93 million was raised. She spoke out in relation to the cause, saying: “Finding the courage to tell someone about being abused is one of the most difficult decisions a child will ever have to make.” In 2010 and 2012, she was involved in supporting the AIDS Support Gala, which was held by amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research.

Since Minogue’s breast cancer diagnosis in 2005, she has been a sponsor and ambassador for the cause. In May 2010, she held a breast cancer campaign for the first time. She later spoke about the cause saying “It means so much to me to be part of this year’s campaign for Fashion Targets Breast Cancer. I wholeheartedly support their efforts to raise funds for the vital work undertaken by Breakthrough Breast Cancer.” For the cause, she “posed in a silk sheet emblazoned with the distinctive target logo of Fashion Targets Breast Cancer” for photographer Mario Testino. In April 2014, Minogue launched One Note Against Cancer, a campaign to raise funds and awareness for French cancer research charity APREC (The Alliance for Cancer Research). As part of the campaign, Minogue released the single “Crystallize“, with fans able to bid via online auction to own each of the song’s 4,408 notes. The proceeds of the auction were donated to APREC, with the names of the successful bidders appearing in the accompanying music video’s credits.

Discography

Tours and concerts

Filmography

Selected films
YearTitleRole
1989The DelinquentsLola Lovell
1994Street FighterCammy
2001Moulin Rouge!The Green Fairy
2012Jack & DianeTara
2012Holy MotorsEva Grace (Jean)
2015San AndreasSusan Riddick
2017Swinging SafariKaye Hall
Selected television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1986–1988NeighboursCharlene Robinson362 episodes 1987 Logie Award for Most Popular Actress
1988 Logie Award for Most Popular Personality
1988 Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Victorian Television
1988 Logie Award for Most Popular Actress
Nominated – 1987 Logie Award for Most Popular New Talent
Nominated – 1989 Logie Award for Most Popular Personality
1994The Vicar of DibleyHerselfEpisode “Community Spirit”
2007Doctor WhoAstrid PethEpisode “Voyage of the Damned
2015Young & HungryShaunaEpisodes “Young & Moving” and “Young & Ferris Wheel”
2016GalavantQueen of The Enchanted ForestEpisode “A New Season aka Suck It Cancellation Bear”

 [GR1]Neighbours is an Australian television soap opera that was first broadcast on the Seven Network on 18 March 1985. It was created by TV executive Reg Watson, who proposed the idea of making a show that focused on realistic stories and portrayed adults and teenagers who talk openly and solve their problems together. Seven decided to commission the show following the success of Watson’s earlier soap Sons and Daughters, which aired on the network. Although successful in MelbourneNeighbours underperformed in the Sydney market and struggled for months before Seven cancelled it. The show was immediately bought by rival network Ten. After taking over production of the show, the new network had to build replica sets because Seven destroyed the originals to prevent its rival from obtaining them. Ten began screening Neighbours on 20 January 1986, beginning where the previous series left off and commencing with episode 171. Neighbours has since become the longest-running drama series in Australian television and in 2005, it was inducted collectively into the Logie Hall of Fame.

The show’s storylines concern the domestic and professional lives of the people who live and work in Erinsborough, a fictional suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. The series primarily centres on the residents of Ramsay Street, a short cul-de-sac, and its neighbouring area, the Lassiters complex, which includes a bar, hotel, café, police station, lawyers’ office and park. Neighbours began with three families created by Watson – the Ramsays, the Robinsons and the Clarkes. Watson said that he wanted to show three families who are friends living in a small street. The Robinsons and the Ramsays had a long history and were involved in an ongoing rivalry. Pin Oak Court, in Vermont South, is the real cul-de-sac that has doubled for Ramsay Street since 1985. All of the houses featured are real and the residents allow the production to shoot external scenes in their yards. The interior scenes are filmed at the Global Television studios in Forest Hill.

 [GR2]The New Year Honours 2008 for the Commonwealth realms were announced on 29 December 2007, to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 2008.

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged firstly by the country whose ministers advised the Queen on the appointments, then by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate

 [GR3]Since 1988 the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) has inducted artists into its annual ARIA Hall of Fame. While most have been recognised at the annual ARIA Music Awards, in 2005 ARIA sought to create a separate standalone ceremony ARIA Icons: Hall of Fame event as only one or two acts could be inducted under the old format due to time restrictions. Since 2005 VH1 obtained the rights to broadcast the show live on FoxtelAustar and Optus networks; and each year five or six acts were inducted into the Hall of Fame with an additional act inducted at the following ARIA Music Awards.

At 1 July 2008 Hall of Fame ceremony, held at the Melbourne Town Hall, ARIA stated that the Hall of Fame ceremony would be completely separate from the ARIA Music Awards – there would be no additional inductees at the latter ceremony. ARIA had opened the Hall of Fame ceremony to the general public for the first time, and ARIA president Ed St John announced that a new annual exhibition, at the Melbourne Arts Centre from November, would showcase memorabilia honouring the Hall of Fame inductees. In 2011, the ceremony returned to the general ARIA Music Awards with two new inductees. In late 2017 ARIA established the Australian Music Vault at the Melbourne Arts Centre, which includes a section for all the inductees since 1988

 [GR4]Danielle Jane Minogue (born 20 October 1971) is an Australian singer, songwriter, actress, television personality, and fashion designer. She rose to prominence for her roles on the Australian television talent show Young Talent Time (1982-1988) and on the soap opera Home and Away (1989-1990), before beginning her career as a pop singer in the early 1990s. Minogue achieved early success with her debut studio album, Love and Kisses (1991), which respectively produced the hits “Love and Kisses“, “This Is It“, “Jump to the Beat“, and “Success“. Following the release of her second studio album, Get into You (1993), Minogue’s popularity as a singer had declined, leading her to make a name for herself with award-winning performances in the musical stage shows Grease (1997) and Notre-Dame de Paris (1999), and other acting credits The Vagina Monologues and Lady Macbeth (both 2000).

 [GR5]Jason Sean Donovan (born 1 June 1968) is an Australian actor and singer. He initially achieved fame in the Australian soap Neighbours, playing Scott Robinson, before beginning a career in music in 1988. In the UK he has sold over 3 million records. His debut album Ten Good Reasons was the highest-selling album in the UK in 1989, with sales of over 1.5 million. He has had four UK No. 1 singles, one of which was “Especially for You“, his 1988 duet with fellow Neighbours co-star Kylie Minogue. He has also appeared in several stage musicals, most prominently in the lead role of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat in the early 1990s

 [GR6]Stock Aitken Waterman (abbreviated as SAW) are an English song writing and record producing trio consisting of Mike StockMatt Aitken, and Pete Waterman. The trio had great success from the mid-1980s through the early 1990s. SAW is considered one of the most successful song writing and producing partnerships of all time, scoring more than 100 UK top 40 hits, selling 40 million records and earning an estimated £60 million (about $104 million).

SAW started producing underground club hits, but earned worldwide success with a mix of Hi-NRG-influenced sound, romantic Motown lyrics and Italo disco melodies. During 1984–1989, their musical style was labelled Eurobeat. They also put swing shuffle elements into their songs.

 [GR7]Geffen Records is an American record label established by David Geffen and owned by Universal Music Group through its Interscope Geffen A&M Records imprint.

Geffen Records was started in 1980. In 1999, it was merged into Interscope Records and the Geffen Records name was practically dissolved. On March 23, 2017, Billboard magazine stated that Geffen Records was relaunching with longtime A&R person Neil Jacobson as President,[1] who reports to John Janick, CEO and chairman of Interscope Geffen A&M.

 [GR8]Michael Kelland John Hutchence (22 January 1960 – 22 November 1997) was an Australian musician, singer-songwriter and actor. Hutchence co-founded the rock band INXS, which sold over 60 million records worldwide and was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame in 2001. He was the lead singer and lyricist of INXS from 1977 until his death.

Hutchence was a member of the short-lived pop rock group Max Q. He also recorded some solo material and acted in feature films, including Dogs in Space (1986), Frankenstein Unbound (1990), and Limp (1999).

Hutchence had a string of love affairs with prominent actresses, models and singers, and his private life was often reported in the Australian and international press. In July 1996, Hutchence and English television presenter Paula Yates had a daughter, Heavenly Hiraani Tiger Lily.

On the morning of 22 November 1997, Hutchence was found dead in his hotel room in Sydney. His death was reported by the New South Wales Coroner to be the result of suicide by hanging.

 [GR9]Deconstruction Records is a British record label founded in 1987 by Pete Hadfield and Keith Blackhurst, together with Mike Pickering of M People. According to DJ Magazine it is “best remembered for marrying underground credibility and diversity with an open-minded attitude towards pop”

 [GR10]Who is a celebrity news and entertainment weekly magazine published in Australia by Pacific Magazines. It was launched in February 1992 as a sister magazine to the United States weekly People, with a name change facilitated because of an existing Australian lad’s mag of the same name.

Between March 2012 and March 2013, Who had a circulation of 121,708 copies and a readership of 473,000

 [GR11]The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South KensingtonLondon. One of the United Kingdom‘s most treasured and distinctive buildings, it is held in trust for the nation and managed by a registered charity (which receives no government funding). It can seat 5,272.

Since the hall’s opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world’s leading artists from many performance genres have appeared on its stage. It is the venue for the Proms concerts, which have been held there every summer since 1941. It is host to more than 390 shows in the main auditorium annually, including classical, rock and pop concerts, ballet, opera, film screenings with live orchestral accompaniment, sports, awards ceremonies, school and community events, and charity performances and banquets. A further 400 events are held each year in the non-auditorium spaces.

The hall was originally supposed to have been called the Central Hall of Arts and Sciences, but the name was changed to the Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences by Queen Victoria upon laying the Hall’s foundation stone in 1867, in memory of her husband, Prince Albert, who had died six years earlier. It forms the practical part of a memorial to the Prince Consort; the decorative part is the Albert Memorial directly to the north in Kensington Gardens, now separated from the Hall by Kensington Gore.

 [GR12]Independent music (often referred to as indie music or indie) is music produced independently from commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. The term indie is sometimes used to describe a genre (such as indie rock and indie pop), and as a genre term, “indie” may include music that is not independently produced, and many independent music artists do not fall into a single, defined musical style or genre and create self-published music that can be categorized into diverse genres. The term ‘indie’ or ‘independent music’ can be traced back to as early as the 1920s after it was first used to reference independent film companies but was later used as a term to classify an independent band or record producer

 [GR13]Molly Kathleen Ringwald (born February 18, 1968) is an American actress and author. She was cast in her first major role as Molly in the NBC sitcom The Facts of Life (1979–80) after a casting director saw her playing an orphan in a stage production of the musical Annie. She and several other members of the original Facts of Life cast were let go when the show was reworked by the network. She subsequently made her motion picture debut as Miranda in the independent film Tempest (1982), which earned her a Golden Globe nomination for New Star of the Year.

Ringwald is known for her collaborations with filmmaker John Hughes. She established herself as a teen icon after appearing in the successful Hughes films Sixteen Candles (1984), The Breakfast Club (1985), and Pretty in Pink (1986). She later starred in The Pick-up Artist (1987), Fresh Horses (1988) and For Keeps (1988). She starred in many films in the 1990s, most notably Something to Live for: The Alison Gertz Story (1992), The Stand (1994), and Some Folks Call It a Sling Blade (1994 short film – precursor to Sling Blade).

Ringwald is part of the “Brat Pack” and she was ranked number 1 on VH1‘s 100 Greatest Teen Stars. Since 2017, Ringwald has portrayed Mary Andrews on The CW television series Riverdale.

 [GR14]Jingle Ball is an annual concert taking place in early-to-mid December produced by the Los Angeles radio station KIIS-FM. Since 2000, the concert series has been staged at various venues around southern California including the Shrine Auditorium and Staples Center in Los Angeles, and the Honda Center in Anaheim.

Other Jingle Balls are hosted by iHeartMedia sister stations in other cities, such as WHYI in MiamiWXKS in BostonKRBE in Houston, TX and WIOQ in Philadelphia, PA as part of the iHeartRadio Jingle Ball Tour series since 2011.

The New York concert has been broadcast nationally for several years by The CW as part of their overall deal with iHeartMedia to carry concert event programming.

 [GR15]The Hammersmith Apollo, currently called the Eventim Apollo for sponsorship reasons, but formerly – and still commonly – known as the Hammersmith Odeon, is a live entertainment performance venue established as a cinema venue, located in Hammersmith, London. It is an art deco Grade II* listed building

The venue has hosted numerous concerts by major stars, including The Beatles,[1] The Rolling StonesDavid Bowie Bruce Springsteen[1] Bob Marley Ella Fitzgerald and Duke Ellington amongst many others.

 [GR16]The Showgirl Princess is a children’s book written by Kylie Minogue. It was released on 21 September 2006 through Puffin Books. The book is aimed at girls aged six and upwards and is based on Minogue’s life.

The hardcover book was illustrated by Swan Park. It features photos of Minogue taken by William Baker.

Jane Richardson, the book’s editor, says that The Showgirl Princess will “appeal to little princesses everywhere who love to dress up and have fun. It brims with positive messages such as believing in yourself and the importance of friendship and teamwork.”

Minogue stated that she wanted this book to have a positive attitude towards young people.

 [GR17]The Kylie Show is a one-off television special from Australian artist Kylie Minogue that aired on ITV on 10 November 2007 and was recorded at The London Studios. The show celebrated her 20 years in pop music and acted as promotion for the release of her tenth studio album, X.

The show featured the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra as well as the Crazy Horse Girls as her backing dancers, flown in from Paris to perform especially for the show. The show also featured memorable sketches: in particular, one in which her ex-boyfriend and former co-star Jason Donovan fails to recognise her; and another where she has a catfight with her sister, Dannii, and winds up punching Simon Cowell in the face. At the conclusion of the program, Minogue turns around in her makeup chair, revealing herself to be Joan Collins.

The Kylie Show also aired on the Australian Seven Network on 5 February 2008 at 7:30 pm

 [GR18]The Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) is an order of France established on 2 May 1957 by the Minister of Culture. Its supplementary status to the Ordre national du Mérite was confirmed by President Charles de Gaulle in 1963. Its purpose is the recognition of significant contributions to the arts, literature, or the propagation of these fields.

Its origin is attributed to the Order of Saint Michael (established 1 August 1469), as acknowledged by French government sources

 [GR19]Dance Club Songs is a chart published weekly by Billboard Magazine in the United States. It is a national survey of club disc jockeys to determine the most popular songs being played in nightclubs across the country. It was launched as the Disco Action Top 30 chart on August 28, 1976, and became the first chart by Billboard to document the popularity of dance music. The first number-one song on the chart for the issue dated August 28, 1976, was “You Should Be Dancing” by the Bee Gees, spending five weeks atop the chart and the group’s only number-one song on the chart.

In January 2017, Billboard proclaimed Madonna as the most successful artist in the history of the chart, ranking her first in their list of the 100 top all-time dance artists. Madonna holds the record for the most number-one songs with 50. Katy Perry holds the record for having eighteen consecutive number-one songs. Perry’s third studio album, Teenage Dream (2010), became the first album in the history of the chart to produce at least seven number-one songs by a lead artist between 2010 and 2012, a record it held solely until Rihanna‘s eighth studio album Anti produced eight chart toppers from 2016 to 2017. Rihanna is the only artist to have achieved five number-one songs in a calendar year.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused the closures of clubs, Billboard has temporarily suspended the chart. The most recent number-one song on the Dance Club Songs chart for the issue dated March 28, 2020, is “Love Hangover 2020” by Diana Ross

 [GR20]The Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi GrasSydney Mardi Gras, or Mardi Gras, is an annual LGBT pride parade and festival in Sydney, Australia, attended by hundreds of thousands of people from around Australia and overseas. It is one of the largest such festivals in the world, and the largest Pride event in Oceania. It includes a variety of events such as the Sydney Mardi Gras Parade and Party, Bondi Beach Drag Races, Harbour Party, the academic discussion panel Queer ThinkingMardi Gras Film Festival, as well as Fair Day, which attracts 70,000 people to Victoria Park, Sydney.

The Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras is one of Australia’s biggest tourist drawcards, with the parade and dance party attracting many international and domestic tourists. It is New South Wales’ second-largest annual event in terms of economic impact, generating an annual income of about A$30 million for the state.

The event grew from gay rights parades held annually since 1978, when numerous participants had been arrested by New South Wales Police. The Mardi Gras Parade maintains a political flavour, with many marching groups and floats promoting LGBTQI rights issues or themes. Reflecting changes since the first Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras, participants in the Mardi Gras Parade now include groups of uniformed Australian Defence Force personnel, police officers from New South Wales State Police, as well as interstate and federal police officers, firefighters and other emergency services personnel from the Australian LGBTQI communities. Marriage equality was a dominant theme in the 2011 Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras Parade with at least 15 floats lobbying for same-sex marriage.

In 2019 Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras submitted a bid to host WorldPride 2023 competing against Montreal, Canada and Houston, TexasInterPride, at their October 2019 Annual General Meeting of three hundred delegate organizations, held in Athens, Greece chose Sydney, Australia to host WorldPride 2023 – the first time WorldPride will be held in the Southern Hemisphere or Asia Pacific region.

 [GR21]Laura Pausini OMRI (Italian: [ˈlaura pauˈziːni]; born 16 May 1974) is an Italian singer-songwriter and television personality. As a child, she was encouraged by her father to join him during his performances in local piano bars. After competing in local singing contests, Pausini signed her first recording contract. She rose to fame in 1993, winning the newcomer artists’ section of the 43rd Sanremo Music Festival with her debut single “La solitudine“, which became an Italian standard and an international hit, topping the charts in Italythe Netherlands, and Belgium. Her self titled debut album was released in Italy on 23 April 1993 and later became an international success, selling two million copies worldwide

 [GR22]The 2014 Commonwealth Games (Scottish GaelicGeamannan a’ Cho-fhlaitheis 2014), officially known as the XX Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Glasgow 2014, (Scottish GaelicGlaschu 2014), was an international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Commonwealth Games as governed by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF). It took place in GlasgowScotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014.

Glasgow was selected as the host city on 9 November 2007 during CGF General Assembly in Colombo, Sri Lanka, defeating Abuja, Nigeria. It was the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland with around 4,950 athletes from 71 different nations and territories competing in 18 different sports, outranking the 1970 and 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Over the last 10 years, however, Glasgow and Scotland had staged World, Commonwealth, European, or British events in all sports proposed for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, including the World Badminton Championships in 1997.

The Games received acclaim for their organisation, attendance, and the public enthusiasm of the people of Scotland, with CGF chief executive Mike Hooper hailing them as “the standout games in the history of the movement”. Held in Scotland for the third time, the Games were notable for the successes of the Home Nations of the United Kingdom, with EnglandWales and hosts Scotland achieving their largest ever gold medal hauls and overall medal hauls at a Commonwealth Games. England finished top of the medal table for the first time since the 1986 Commonwealth Games, also held in Scotland. Kiribati also won its first ever medal at a Commonwealth Games, a gold in the 105 kg men’s weightlifting competition.

 [GR23]The 2019 Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts took place between 26 and 30 June. The three headlining acts were StormzyThe Killers and The Cure, with Kylie Minogue performing in the “legends” slot.

 [GR24]The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in WuhanChina. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in January 2020 and a pandemic in March 2020. As of 18 January 2021, more than 95.4 million cases have been confirmed, with more than 2.03 million deaths attributed to COVID-19, across 190 countries around the world.

Symptoms of COVID-19 are highly variable, ranging from none to severe illness. The virus spreads mainly through the air when people are near each other. It leaves an infected person as they breathe, cough, sneeze, or speak and enters another person via their mouth, nose, or eyes. It may also spread via contaminated surfaces. People remain infectious for up to two weeks, and can spread the virus even if they do not show symptoms.

Recommended preventive measures include social distancing, wearing face masks in public, ventilation and air-filtering, hand washing, covering one’s mouth when sneezing or coughing, disinfecting surfaces, and monitoring and self-isolation for people exposed or symptomatic. Several vaccines are being developed and distributed. Current treatments focus on addressing symptoms while work is underway to develop therapeutic drugs that inhibit the virus. Authorities worldwide have responded by implementing travel restrictionslockdownsworkplace hazard controls, and facility closures. Many places have also worked to increase testing capacity and trace contacts of the infected.

The responses to the pandemic have resulted in global social and economic disruption, including the largest global recession since the Great Depression. It has led to the postponement or cancellation of events, widespread supply shortages exacerbated by panic buying, agricultural disruption and food shortages, and decreased emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases. Many educational institutions have been partially or fully closedMisinformation has circulated through social media and mass media. There have been incidents of xenophobia and discrimination against Chinese people and against those perceived as being Chinese or as being from areas with high infection rates

 [GR25]Pizzicato Five (formerly typeset as Pizzicato V and sometimes abbreviated to P5) was a Japanese pop band formed in Tokyo in 1979 by multi-instrumentalists Yasuharu Konishi and Keitarō Takanami. After some personnel changes in the late 1980s, the band gained international fame as a duo consisting of Konishi and vocalist Maki Nomiya. With their music blending together 1960s popjazz and synth-pop, the group were a prominent component in the Shibuya-kei movement of the 1990s.

Pizzicato Five was a hugely prolific group during its existence, usually releasing at least an album each year in addition to various EPs and remix albums. Their music has appeared in numerous movies, television episodes, and video games.

 [GR26]Country (also called country and western) is a genre of popular music that takes its roots from genres such as blues and old-time music, and various types of American folk music including AppalachianCajun, and the cowboy Western music styles of New MexicoRed DirtTejano, and Texas country. Its popularized roots originate in the Southern United States of the early 1920s.

Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms, folk lyrics, and harmonies mostly accompanied by string instruments such as banjos, electric and acoustic guitarssteel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros), and fiddles as well as harmonicasBlues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history.

According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. In 2009 in the United States, country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute.

The term country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. The origins of country music are found in the folk music of working class Americans and blue-collar American life. It has been inspired by American popular music, and American folk music which had its roots in Celtic musicearly music of the British Islessinging cowboyscorridorancheranorteñoFrench folk musicAfrican-American music, and other traditional folk music traditions.

 [GR27]Bazmark “Baz” Luhrmann (born Mark Anthony Luhrmann, 17 September 1962) is an Australian director, writer, and producer with projects spanning film, television, opera, theatre, music, and recording industries. He is regarded by many as a contemporary example of an auteur for his style and deep involvement in the writing, directing, design, and musical components of all his work. He is the most commercially successful Australian director, with four of his films in the top ten highest worldwide grossing Australian films of all time.

On the screen he is best known for his “Red Curtain Trilogy“, consisting of his romantic comedy film Strictly Ballroom (1992), the romantic tragedy William Shakespeare’s Romeo + Juliet (1996), and Moulin Rouge! (2001). Following the trilogy, projects included Australia (2008), The Great Gatsby (2013), and his television period drama The Get Down for Netflix. Additional projects include stage productions of Giacomo Puccini‘s La bohème for both the Australian Opera and Broadway and Strictly Ballroom the Musical.

Luhrmann is equally known for his Grammy-nominated soundtracks for Moulin Rouge! and The Great Gatsby, as well as his record label House of Iona, a co-venture with RCA Records. Serving as producer on all of his musical soundtracks, he also holds writing credits on many of the individual tracks. His album Something For Everybody features music from many of his films and also includes his hit “Everybody’s Free (To Wear Sunscreen)“.

Luhrmann’s influence has extended outside the traditional realm of media and entertainment. Deeply involved in the fashion and art worlds, Luhrmann’s No. 5 the Film for Chanel not only holds a Guinness World Record for the highest budget for an advertising commercial ever produced, but pioneered the now commonplace genre of fashion film and branded content. Luhrmann works closely with the Metropolitan Museum of Art‘s Anna Wintour Costume Center, having chaired the annual Met Gala as well as producing a short film for the museum, celebrating Miuccia Prada and Elsa Schiaparelli. More recently he and his wife Catherine Martin have adapted their style for projects in events, retail, architecture and design with Barneys New York and developer and hotelier Alan Faena.

 [GR28]The term sex symbol was first used in the mid-1950s in relation to the popularity of certain film stars and pin-up models, including Marilyn MonroeBrigitte Bardot, and Raquel Welch. This concept was a reflection of the post-World War II increase of sexual and economic emancipation of women.

In the 20th century, sex symbols could be male as well as female: actors such as the romantic Sessue Hayakawa and the athletic Douglas Fairbanks were popular in the 1910s and 1920s. Archetypal screen lover Rudolph Valentino‘s death in 1926 caused mass hysteria among his female fans. In Hollywood, many film stars were seen as sex symbols, such as Errol FlynnGary Cooper, and Clark Gable. The “bad boy” image of the 1950s was epitomized by sex symbols such as James Dean and Marlon Brando.

In his Elvis Presley obituary, Lester Bangs credited him as “the man who brought overt blatant vulgar sexual frenzy to the popular arts in America,” in the 1950s and 1960s, through his overtly suggestive dance moves

 [GR29]Madame Tussauds (UK/tjuːˈsɔːdz/US/tuːˈsoʊz/) is a wax museum in London; it has smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud in 1835. It used to be spelled as “Madame Tussaud’s”; the apostrophe is no longer used. Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters played by famous actors. The nearest station to the museum is Baker Street which is at the walking distance of 0.12 km.

 [GR30]gay icon is a public figure who is highly regarded by the LGBT community, often for their support of LGBT rights and activism, or for being a prominent member of the community themselves. Media organizations such as GLAAD routinely recognize such figures for their contributions to LGBT causes.

The most widely recognized gay icons are often celebrities who garnered large LGBT fanbases, such as Judy GarlandMadonnaJanet JacksonLady Gaga, and Cher. However, the term is also applied to politicians, authors, and other historical figures deemed relatable to LGBT causes.

Many gay icons are celebrities in the entertainment industry, but can also include figures in politics, history, sports, literature, and other mediums. Prominent entertainers considered to be gay icons often incorporate themes of acceptance, self-love, and sexuality in their work. Gay icons of all orientations have acknowledged the role that their gay fans have played in their success, including legends like, Bette MidlerLiza Minnelli, and Diana Ross to stars of the ’90s and early ’00s such as Geri HalliwellMariah CareyKylie MinogueChristina Aguilera, and Britney Spears. More recently stars such as Ariana GrandeNicki MinajDua Lipa and Charli XCX have been seen as gay icons due to their stance on LGBT rights and their campy nature. Politicians considered to be gay icons typically attain their status in the LGBT community for consistently supporting and advocating for LGBT rights.

 [GR31]The Britain–Australia Society was established in 1971 as a friendship society to promote historic links between the United Kingdom and Australia. It has headquarters in the Australia Centre within Australia House in London and branches throughout the United Kingdom.

 [GR32]Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 1999 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The brainchild of Sir Hugh Beaver, the book was co-founded by twin brothers Norris and Ross McWhirter in Fleet StreetLondon, in August 1954.

The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book of all time. As of the 2021 edition, it is now in its 66th year of publication, published in 100 countries and 23 languages, and maintains over 53,000 records in its database. The international franchise has extended beyond print to include television series and museums. The popularity of the franchise has resulted in Guinness World Records becoming the primary international authority on the cataloguing and verification of a huge number of world records. The organisation employs record adjudicators to verify the authenticity of the setting and breaking of records.

 [GR33]The Ellen DeGeneres Show (often shortened to Ellen and stylized as ellen) is an American daytime television variety comedy talk show that is hosted by Ellen DeGeneres. Debuting on September 8, 2003, it is produced by Telepictures and airs in syndication. The majority of stations owned by NBC Owned Television Stations, along with Hearst Television, serve as the program’s largest affiliate base. For its first five seasons, the show was taped in Studio 11 at NBC Studios in Burbank, California. From season 6 onwards, the show moved to being taped at Stage 1 on the nearby Warner Bros. lot. Since the beginning of the sixth season, Ellen has been broadcast in high definition.

The show has received 171 Daytime Emmy Award nominations and has won 61 Daytime Emmy Awards as of 2020, including four for Outstanding Talk Show and seven for Outstanding Talk Show Entertainment, surpassing the record held by The Oprah Winfrey Show, which won nine. The show also won 17 People’s Choice Awards. On May 21, 2019, DeGeneres announced she had signed for three more years, renewing the show through 2022. On March 11, 2020, DeGeneres announced over Twitter that for now she would be shooting her show without a studio audience to protect the health and safety of the fans, staff, and crew. In a tweet dated March 13, 2020, DeGeneres announced that production of the show had been suspended until March 30, 2020 to protect the health of her audience and staff during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The eighteenth season premiered on September 21, 2020.

 [GR34]The 2019–20 Australian bushfire season, colloquially known as Black Summer, was a period of unusually intense bushfires in many parts of Australia.

In June 2019, the Queensland Fire and Emergency Service acting director warned of the potential for an early start to the bushfire season which normally starts in August. The warning was based on the Northern Australia bushfire seasonal outlook noting exceptional dry conditions and a lack of soil moisture, combined with early fires in central Queensland. Throughout the summer, hundreds of fires burnt, mainly in the southeast of the country. The major fires peaked during December–January.

As of 9 March 2020, the fires burnt an estimated 18.6 million hectares (46 million acres; 186,000 square kilometres; 72,000 square miles), destroyed over 5,900 buildings (including 2,779 homes) and killed at least 34 people. Nearly three billion terrestrial vertebrates alone – the vast majority being reptiles – were affected and some endangered species were believed to be driven to extinction. At its peak, air quality dropped to hazardous levels in all southern and eastern states. The cost of dealing with the bushfires is expected to exceed the A$4.4 billion of the 2009 Black Saturday fires, and tourism sector revenues fell by more than A$1 billion. However, economists estimated that the Australian bushfires may cost over A$103 billion in property damage and economic losses, making the bushfires Australia’s costliest natural disaster to date. Nearly 80 percent of Australians were affected either directly or indirectly by the bushfires. By 7 January 2020, the smoke had moved approximately 11,000 kilometres (6,800 mi) across the South Pacific Ocean to Chile and Argentina. As of 2 January 2020, NASA estimated that 306 million tonnes (337 million short tons) of CO2 had been emitted.

From September 2019 to March 2020, fires heavily impacted various regions of the state of New South Wales. In eastern and north-eastern Victoria large areas of forest burnt out of control for four weeks before the fires emerged from the forests in late December. Multiple states of emergency were declared across New South Wales, Victoria, and the Australian Capital Territory. Reinforcements from all over Australia were called in to assist fighting the fires and relieve exhausted local crews in New South Wales. The Australian Defence Force was mobilised to provide air support to the firefighting effort and to provide manpower and logistical support. Firefighters, supplies and equipment from Canada, New Zealand, Singapore and the United States, among others, helped fight the fires, especially in New South Wales. A collage of a fire

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During the ensuing crisis, an air tanker and two helicopters crashed during firefighting operations, the air tanker crash resulting in the deaths of the three crew. Two fire trucks were caught in fatal incidents caused directly by fire conditions, killing three fire fighters.

By 4 March 2020, all fires in New South Wales had been extinguished completely (to the point where there were no fires in the state for the first time since July 2019), and the Victoria fires had all been contained. The last fire of the season occurred in Lake Clifton, Western Australia, in early May.

There has been considerable debate regarding the underlying cause of the intensity and scale of the fires, including the role of fire management practices and climate change, which during the peak of the crisis attracted significant international attention, despite previous Australian fires burning much larger areas (1974–75) or killing more people (2008–09). Politicians visiting fire impacted areas received mixed responses, in particular Prime Minister Scott Morrison. An estimated A$500 million was donated by the public at large, international organisations, public figures and celebrities for victim relief and wildlife recovery. Convoys of donated food, clothing and livestock feed were sent to affected areas.

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